During a time when art outlets changed from focusing on the rich to the poor some very interesting painting and artists rose up to make names for themselves. Included below are pictures of famous paintings and a little blerb about them. For further reading check out this article.
The Nightmare (1781) By Henry Fuseli
Fuseli was inspired by Marry Shelley and many did not understand his macabre paintings.
The Third of May 1808 (1814) By Francisco Goya
This painting by Goya depicts Napolean and his troops publicly executing some Spaniards.
The Hay Wain (1821) By John Constable
Constable who lived in rural England, wanted to show man as part of nature instead of standing back and observing it.